Global Banks Go Green! Billions for Sustainability
Numerous regional development banks are under increasing scrutiny to allocate climate financing in support of the green economy in less affluent areas.
This year, the Asian Development Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank Group revealed climate investments targeting the expansion of renewable energy capacity in developing regions worldwide, aligning with the World Bank Group's recent initiatives.
Since the COP26 summit in Glasgow two years ago, development banks have faced growing demands to fund green energy and technology projects in overlooked regions.
COP28 witnessed several announcements indicating that these banks have responded to the call. The World Bank Group, for instance, announced a commitment to allocate 45 per cent of its annual financing to climate-related projects in the upcoming fiscal year, translating to an additional $9 billion for green initiatives, primarily focused on climate mitigation and adaptation.
In October, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) outlined plans to lend an extra $100 billion over the next decade, expecting to increase lending by 40 per cent. While the ADB remains committed to poverty alleviation, it aims to enhance its financing for climate-related endeavours and become the climate bank of Asia and the Pacific. The bank intends to direct significant funding towards climate technologies, cleaner transportation, and weather-resistant crops, aligned with its poverty-alleviation goals. To attract more private funding, the ADB plans to facilitate the creation of regulatory frameworks in the region to reduce risk and enhance the investment environment.
Similarly, the Inter-American Development Bank Group (IDB Group) disclosed an increase in funding to Latin America and the Caribbean, reaching $150 billion over the next decade. This move is geared towards tripling the amount of financing designated for climate projects, aligning with the G20's recommendation.
IDB President Ilan Goldfaj stressed placing climate and nature action at the centre of the group's agenda, intending to catalyse private-sector engagement and develop new financial instruments for enhanced climate action.
Five multinational development banks have committed to including clauses in their agreements for pausing debt repayment in the event of a climate disaster.
Additionally, these banks released a joint statement pledging to establish a common approach for reporting climate results, fostering country-level cooperation to harmonise climate indicators. They also plan to offer a programme through the World Bank to assist countries in developing long-term climate and development strategies and attracting private climate funding.
Under mounting pressure from state governments and official entities, development banks are increasing their climate funding, with a primary focus on climate mitigation and adaptation.
This financial support is anticipated to attract more private investment to low-income regions, potentially playing a crucial role in facilitating a global green transition. Investments in green energy and technologies are also poised to stimulate national-level economic growth for numerous countries worldwide.
Source: Business Insider